We are pleased to announce the Spring 2020 Making a Difference awards.
Mass Administration of Antibiotics: Reaching Clinical and Community Equipoise
Anthony So, MD (Johns Hopkins University)
Mass drug administration (MDA) of antibiotics to all children in a community or population has the potential to reduce infectious diseases and reduce childhood mortality globally. However, MDA requires weighing near-term gains against longer-term risks of antibiotic resistance, which would impair treatment of serious bacterial infections; fairly distributing benefits and risks among individuals, communities, and whole societies; obtaining informed consent, and engaging the community.
A Rubric for Algorithmic Fairness for Predictive Analytics in Healthcare
David Kent, MD (Tufts Medical Center)
models, which are increasingly used in clinical medicine, raise concerns about
introducing or amplifying health disparities. Different conceptions of
fairness, however, may be mutually exclusive in predictive models. The
investigators have shown how different fairness considerations are salient in
situations involving allocation of scarce health care resources among patients
compared to situations where the patient and physician make a shared clinical
decision that is consistent with the patient’s values and preferences.