Bernard Lo , MD

President & CEO

Before becoming President of The Greenwall Foundation, Bernard Lo, MD was Professor of Medicine and Director of the Program in Medical Ethics at the University of California San Francisco.

Currently he is co-chair of the Standards Working Group of the California Institute of Regenerative Medicine, which recommends regulations for stem cell research funded by the state of California. At the National Institutes of Health (NIH), he serves on Data and Safety Monitoring Committees for HIV vaccine trials and the Long-term Oxygen Treatment Trial.

Dr. Lo serves on the Board of Directors of Association for the Accreditation of Human Research Protection Programs (AAHRPP) and on the Medical Advisory Panel of Blue Cross/Blue Shield. Formerly he was a member of the National Bioethics Advisory Commission under President Clinton, the NIH Recombinant DNA Advisory Committee, and the Ethics Subcommittee, and the Advisory Committee to the Director of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. 

A member of the Institute of Medicine (IOM), Dr. Lo served on the IOM Council and chaired the Board on Health Sciences Policy. He chaired IOM committees on conflicts of interest in medicine and on confidentiality in health services research and has been a member of several other IOM committees. He currently is a member of the Board of Life Sciences of the National Academy of Science (NAS).

Dr. Lo and his colleagues have published around 200 peer-reviewed articles on ethical issues concerning decision-making near the end-of-life, stem cell research, research with human participants and its oversight, the doctor-patient relationship, conflicts of interest, HIV infection, and public health. With colleagues on the UCSF stem cell research oversight committee, he has written articles on ethical issues in the procurement of embryos for research, oversight of stem cell lines derived in other institutions, informed consent for future research, and prohibiting the use of induced pluripotent stem cells for reproductive cloning. Dr. Lo is the author of Resolving Ethical Dilemmas: A Guide for Clinicians (5th ed., 2013) and of Ethical Issues in Clinical Research (2010).  

At UCSF he directed medical student teaching in ethics, chaired the hospital ethics committee, and served as an attending physician on the medicine inpatient service. He was co-Director of the Policy and Ethics Core of the Center for AIDS Prevention Studies. He continues to serve as the primary care physician for a panel of general internal medicine patients.




To be directed to a selection of Dr. Lo's publications on end-of-life issues, click here.

To be directed to a selection of Dr. Lo's publications on research with human participants, click here.

To be directed to a selection of Dr. Lo's publications on the doctor-patient relationship, click here.

To be directed to a selection of Dr. Lo's publications on conflicts of interest, click here.

To be directed to a selection of Dr. Lo's publications on stem cell research, click here.

To be directed to a selection of Dr. Lo's publications on HIV, click here.

To be directed to a selection of Dr. Lo's publications on public health, click here.
















Publications on End-of-life Issues

"Discussing overall prognosis with the very elderly."

"Last-resort options for palliative sedation."

"Palliative sedation in dying patients: 'we turn to it when everything else hasn't worked.'"

"Discussing palliative care with patients. ACP-ASIM End-of-Life Care Consensus Panel. American College of Physicians-American Society of Internal Medicine."

"Behind closed doors.  Promises and pitfalls of ethics committees."

"Preferences of homosexual men with AIDS for life-sustaining treatment."

"Guiding the hand that feeds.  Caring for the demented elderly."



Publications on Research with Human Participants

"Protecting research participants while reducing regulatory burdens."

"Strengthening institutional board review of highly innovative innovations in clinical trials."



Publications on the Doctor-Patient Relationship

"Retainer medicine: why not for all?"

"'She gave it her best shot right away': patient experiences of biomedical and patient-centered communication."

"Patient-centered communication: do patients really prefer it?"

Responding to requests regarding prayer and religious ceremonies by patients near the end of life and their families.



Publications on Conflicts of Interest

"Serving two masters--conflicts of interest in academic medicine."

"Conflict-of-interest policies for investigators in clinical trials."



Publications on Stem Cells

"Research ethics.  NIH guidelines for stem cell research and gamete donors."

"Cloning mice and men: prohibiting the use of iPS cells for human reproductive cloning."

"Obtaining consent for future research with induced pluripotent cells: opportunities and challenges."

"Importing human pluripotent stem cell lines derived at another institution: tailoring review to ethical concerns."

"Responsible oversight of human stem cell research: the California Institute for Regenerative Medicine's medical and ethical standards."

"Medicine.  Consent from donors for embryo and stem cell research."



Publications on HIV

"The obligation to provide antiretroviral treatment in HIV prevention trials."

"Establishing ethical trials for treatment and prevention of AIDS in developing countries."

"When parents reject interventions to reduce postnatal human immunodeficiency virus transmission."



Publications on Public Health

"Who should receive life support during a public health emergency?  Using ethical principles to improve allocation decisions."

"Clinical decision making during public health emergencies: ethical considerations."

"Detention of persistently nonadherent patients with tuberculosis."

"Laws mandating reporting of domestic violence.  Do they promote patient well-being?"